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Meaning of BACTERIUM ~PL. BACTERIA~ in English
  1. An enteritis of a chronic wasting type affecting ungulates and other ruminants; caused by mycobacterium avium, subsp. paratuberculosis; characterized by diarrhea, muscle wasting, and generalized weakness.
  2. A unicellular prokaryotic microorganism that usually multiplies by cell division and has a cell wall that provides a constancy of form; they may be aerobic or anaerobic, motile or nonmotile, and free living, saprophytic, commensal, parasitic, or pathogenic.
  3. A microscopic vegetable organism, belonging to the class algae, usually in the form of a jointed rodlike filament, and found in putrefying organic infusions. bacteria are destitute of chlorophyll, and are the smallest of microscopic organisms. they are very widely diffused in nature, and multiply with marvelous rapidity, both by fission and by spores. certain species are active agents in fermentation, while others appear to be the cause of certain infectious diseases. see bacillus.
  4. A bacterial generic name placed on the list of rejected names by the judicial commission and the international committee on systematic bacteriology of the international association of microbiological societies. as a consequence, bacterium is no longer used in bacteriology. identifiable organisms formerly placed in the genus bacterium have all been transferred to other genera. specifically, bacterium anitratum is now known as acinetobacter calcoaceticus; bacterium coli is now called escherichia coli.
  5. (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
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BACTERIUM ~PL. BACTERIA~ Sentence, Example and Usage

Usage of "BACTERIUM ~PL. BACTERIA~" in sentences

  1. "Phage uses the bacterium's machinery and energy to produce more phage until the bacterium is destroyed and phage is released to invade surrounding bacteria"

  2. "When a phage infects a bacterium it can either destroy its host or be incorporated in the host genome in a state of lysogeny"

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